Chick Corea is one of the most influential figures in jazz and one of the greatest living jazz pianists. The difference between improvising and noodling is in whether there’s a method to your madness, and one of the most powerful ways of organizing musical ideas This music curriculum unit is designed for elementary school students focusing on call and response singing from different countries within Africa. In blues music, both the call and response are given by the soloist. You’ve heard similar things in gospel, jazz, and rock and roll. But how does this relate to playing a guitar solo? same applies to the next pair. Examples of call and response include direct imitation between instruments, a questioning phrase and subsequent answer, a statement of affirmation from one instrument to another, or variations on a direct call by a series of instruments. Now we will focus on some improvisation...Some lead playing. Weekend Warriors save on a full JamPlay subscription. Ain’t Gonna Grieve My Lord No More All Night All Day Alouette Amasee Amen As I Came Over Yonders Hill Atadwe Bear Away Yankee Bear Away Boy Before Dinner Bill Grogan’s Goat Boom Chicka Boom Bulldog Caney mi macaro Captain Go Sidetrack Your Train Charlie Over the Ocean … Call and Response Songs Read More » Slaves would use a call and response, solo or group song, called a “work song” to regulate the pace of their work. You might notice when you look (or listen) more closely, though, that these licks are already paired. The mission of Jazz at Lincoln Center is to entertain, enrich and expand a global community for jazz through performance, education and advocacy. Sometimes the response is simply a repetition of the leader’s call, and sometimes it’s a traditional statement This time, let’s add another set of licks. This simple idea can be applied in any musical setting. So stay focused and I promise you will learn a call and response. In other words, when you choose to play is just as important as what you play. It’s really pretty simple, and the best part is that you don’t need to do much to make it work. 100. You could even From the Beatles to Megadeth, our catalog features tons of songs to learn in various genres. Here’s another set of four blues guitar licks. Listen to Cab Calloway lead the audience in this famous scene from the Blues Brothers. "Call-and response" means a leader sings out a phrase then the group in return responds singing an answers. Before his passing in May, Joe Temperley spent 29 unforgettable years as the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra's baritone saxophonist and its beloved elder statesman. For visual convenience, here are all three sets of licks in columns A, B, and C. Don’t feel like you have to play all 12, or even our audio example. The three forms of music included in this lesson are: Call and response – group work songs. JamPlay lesson on improvisation from my beginners’ series: Some of you may have been waiting for this one! Think again of B.B. This is the essence of call and response; when a musician or group of musicians emits a call that is answered with a musical reply. Just get the notes under your fingers and play each one with whatever Wynton Marsalis breaks down his top ten cultural moments with a monthly listicle. You hear this in music of all kinds, but most notably in the blues. New courses from our catalog. This month, Wynton shares his âTop Tenâ picks for "Compelling Works on the Subject of Freedom" and his annotations behind each selection. Good. View all recent releases or join to access them all. JamPlay.com has been a leading provider of guitar education, entertainment, and resources since 2007. The call and response figures we recognize in jazz today originated in African traditions and found their fullest expression in blues music and spirituals. b. a folk music. all of the above. A great solo is like a great story, everything that happens flows perfectly from Take a look at this set of four licks from an A minor pentatonic scale. Blues lyrics The lyrics are raw and full of emotion, dwelling on love and loneliness. You may have heard a great musical performance referred to as a conversation between the players. the final note. It's not about knowing all the scales or trying to be fancy. true Country blues developed out of the migration of workers from the south to the cities of the north, and was typified by small groups of musicians performing together. Don’t worry about following the changing Listen to Cab Calloway lead the audience in this … We celebrate the history of South African jazz with these essential records. Between performances on their recent mini-tour of Canada, several JLCO members shared their memories of Temperley, who left behind an indelible legacy and a whole lot of stories. All three made an indelible impact on America's music and influenced millions in the process. What is the conflict of the story of sinigang? Victor Goines, James Chirillo, Ted Nash, Vincent Gardner, and Walter Blanding recall the day and the impact that Clark had on jazz. Read up on some interesting facts about this jazz legend! Hello, You Beautiful Thing - Jason Mraz. Students will have the opportunity to listen, imitate, explore their voices, and gain confidence in their singing through call and response songs from v Distinguish between echo and call and response 3. Call and response in modern music has its roots in the African traditions that were brought to the New World by captured April is Jazz Appreciation Month, so we thought we'd celebrate by delving into the careers of a handful of underappreciated jazz artists. Like its influencers, Hip-Hop is teemed with lyrics that talk about the black experience in America. Call and response in modern music has its roots in the African traditions that were brought to the New World by captured slaves hundreds of years ago, and it’s a fundamental element of the blues. ... c. contributed to the music that became known as the blues. If you can read the rhythms, great, but it’s ok if you can’t. Here's a list of 10 more must-have classics to round out your collection of jazz records. Boys Keep Swinging - David Bowie. Celebrate Thelonious Monk by getting to know the legend through his sonâs memories. Even unexpected twists make sense, because the setup led you to the surprise. Call and response can be heard in a wide variety of genres, from classical and rock to rap and blues. King sing the blues, punctuating each line with a stinging lick from Lucille. Want to watch some live jazz? d. all of the above. Call-and-response songs. Nashville Session Musician, Save up $100 + Amazing ExtrasClick to View All Offers. Learn about the Gullah culture in the United States. Call and Response: The Remix Album is a remix album by Maroon 5, released on December 9, 2008. Wynton Marsalis appeared on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert to perform with Jon Batiste, Stay Human, and acclaimed dancer Lil Buck. Asked By Wiki User. It is about using what you know to make a lasting impression on the listener, and you will be surprised at how little you have to play in order to do just that! On December 7, 2014 the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra drove 8 hours on an off day to play for Clark Terry on his 94thÂ birthday. American bluesman Muddy Waters utilizes call and response in one of his signature songs, " Mannish Boy " which is almost entirely leader/chorus call and response. Explore the careers of six musicians who deserve more accolades and learn the best places to start with their discographies. Compose their own call and response song The most commonly heard versions of call and response are in blues and gospel music. From Rock, Blues, Country, Fingerstyle.. to Gospel, Funk, Metal, and R&B.. Level up your playing with our skill-based lessons, dedicating to solving common pain points. When Dr. Iona Locke joined Jazz at Lincoln Center’s Jazz Academy for a masterclass, she performed a rousing version of the tune “Walk by Faith.” At the end of each sung line, a small ensemble of singers repeated the song’s title, adding power and reflection to every one of Locke’s soulful sentences. the rise and fall, of each lick itself. The call-and-response concept in blues music was different because? Cyber Week Savings - Our Best Offers Ever Have you ever listened to a great player improvise and wondered how they can make spontaneous ideas seem so organized? (Wonderfully, this happens even when Iggy swears in the song.) Come And Get Your Love - Redbone. chords just yet, that’s a topic for another day. has been around for as long as people have tried to communicate. Despair And Traffic - Slaves. Killing Floor (Howling Wolf) Killing Floor tab. This was the first Zeppelin song to use a call-and-response blues style. If you’d like to expand on this idea with a little more freedom, check out this Listen to our playlist of essential Ellington recordings and find out how he changed jazz forever. Take an ornithology lesson care of our exclusive new jazz playlist, which delves into some of Bird's greatest recordings. Learn about our guitar lessons and courses or unlock them all. The You might find that some licks work better in some places than others, but there’s no right or wrong to this. Now let’s try this over a full 12-bar blues pattern. you’ve listened to B.B. You might hear a singer call and other singers respond, a performer sing a call and then respond with an instrument, or a musician perform a call-and-response entirely with instruments. for a moment, remember that part of his greatness as a player The idea is simple: a statement is made or a question asked, and the response or answer follows. important to the structure of classical music; you’ll hear call and response and musical conversation in a Mozart symphony too. NYC's breadth of unique venues across town include legendary landmark locations, contemporary elegant lounges & no-frills bebop joints that provide a diverse community of swinging experiences. Rather than sing the same part or do different verses, one person sings a statement, the other gives a reply to it. View our lesson platform and what comes with our courses. We might associate call and response most strongly with the blues and its African roots, but the idea of musical symmetry is also just as This month, Wynton shares his top ten heroic cultural moments from Walk Whitman to Marvin Gaye. Blues music came from the call and response of slavery, it was used to make time pass faster on the plantations. Well in the Blues it is the same thing you are playing a phrase or lick on your guitar. Ornette Coleman led a life as fascinating as his music. Member of the Inc 5000 list with locations in Colorado and Ohio. To help you Here are five essential albums from his discography. ... Modern day Hip-Hop and R&B can find its roots and influences from work songs, negro spirituals and the Blues. Check out our list of 10 albums to get you started on your jazz journey and introduce yourself to some of jazz's great artists. Don’t play to a track or even worry about a steady beat just yet, Call and response is very common in sub-Saharan Africa, African-American music (blues, gospel, etc. Dave Isaacs Thanks for reading! Jan 23, 2017 - Explore Sharon Dake's board "Call and Response songs" on Pinterest. d. a and c only. Again, don’t even worry about keeping time, just listen to the “shape”, JamPlay, Free Guitar Courses and Lessons - Explore the Weekend Warrior. © 2020JAZZ AT LINCOLN CENTERJAZZ AT LINCOLN CENTER IS A 501(C)(3) ORGANIZATION. Often, this call and response can be improvisational. Technically, any song where the guitarist will sing and then play a lick or something immediately after is a form of call and response. rhythm feels right. New to jazz and don't know where to start? Our latest curated playlist explores the soulful and joyful music from âCrescent Cityâ in the Dixieland tradition. the things that came before. This song’s call-and-response doubles as a strong political statement. c. blues notes. A Girl Like You - Edwyn Collins. Every fan of piano jazz needs to know these 10 classics! Keeping that in mind, let’s try this one more time with the backing track. Click to Save Big on Memberships and Get Huge Bonuses. West Africans working American fields did what they would have done at home: they improvised songs … That’s going to be our model for exploring this technique, except that instead of the guitar answering the voice it’s going to answer itself. Page first used this production technique, which involved hearing the echo before the main sound instead of after it, on the 1967 Yardbirds single " Ten Little Indians ." Gospel. If you’re not sure what to do, just play each note evenly and sustain It corresponds to the call-and-response pattern in human communication and is found as a basic element of musical form, such as verse-chorus form, in many traditions. slaves hundreds of years ago, and it’s a fundamental element of the blues. Call and Response Blues Symposium (Helena, Arkansas) — What is it about the Delta that gave rise to America’s music, the blues? "America's classical music." See more ideas about call and response, music classroom, elementary music. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Call and Response [Kindercore] - Call & Response on AllMusic - 2001 - Harmonies are the strongest ingredient on this… Click to Save Big on Memberships and Get Huge Bonuses. And “areas with mouth-bows played with the stave directed towards the player’s lips”—the American diddley bow and mouth-bow—are prevalent in Angola and Mozambique. Our education programs have gone online! Call-and-response is a form of music sung by (or at least from the perspective of) two or more people. you’re not playing the blues. Déjà Vu - Post Malone. Muddy Waters once said that if your guitar doesn’t answer your voice, JAZZ AT LINCOLN CENTER PROUDLY ACKNOWLEDGES OUR SEASON SPONSORS. Leave space between your statements…the only thing you want to make sure of is that your licks feel like a question and an answer, a call and a response. it’s comfortable, or even play just the first few notes of each one. We sat down with Gerald Cannon ahead of his Memorial Day Weekend performances at Dizzy's. Although Handy imposed a somewhat-artificial structure on blues music, the typical three-line blues verse did emerge from call-and-response songs made up by slaves in the fields. The call and response figures we recognize in jazz today originated in African traditions and found their fullest expression in blues music and spirituals. Remember, you’re developing the ability to create on the spot, so you need to be able to make choices in real time. The minstrel show a. was established as early as the 1840s. We cover 20 genres! Starting to get the hang of it? RESPONSE: (Harmonica/rhythm section riff) CALL: Waters': "At the age of 5". was in his economy; he could say so much with just a few notes because he knew where to put them. Artists, journalists and presenters will discuss the special magic that defines the King Biscuit Blues Festival and inspires the world’s music at the Fifth Annual Call and Response Blues Symposium, a featured event of the 30th annual King Biscuit Blues Festival. You may already be starting to come up with your own variations on these licks, and that’s great. Find out who the three 2018 inductees into the Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame are! Bo Diddley – I’m a Man (1955) The classic call and response riff, repeated forever, is still used by all … ***Photo credit: Count Basie, by William P. Gottlieb***. b. call and response. 100. You could even play the same note repeatedly, as long as there’s some sense of organized rhythm. The phrase is the call and it is followed up by another lick or phrase called the response. Ideas go back and forth, passed from one person to another, developing and changing as they go. It features remixes of songs from the group's first two studio albums, Songs About Jane and It Won't Be Soon Before Long, by various artists and producers. In these trying times, we plan to continue entertaining, enriching, and expanding the global community for jazz through online education and our social platforms. Explain what call and response music is 2. by Dave Isaacs for a and c only. Asked By Wiki User. The call-and-response pattern became part of some blues songs. Bring It On Home To Me - Sam Cooke. Ends in repeat the same lick twice, which you could think of as insisting rather than responding. We're here to help! To go back to B.B. getting the hang of it, let’s try playing them to a backing track; in this case, a simple 2 chord “vamp” between A7 and D7. Check out video and behind-the-scenes content from their performance. The idea here isn’t for you to learn these patterns specifically, but to use them as examples. Here’s a playlist of some of our favorite jazz songs that include call and response. Please consider supporting Jazz at Lincoln Center, at whatever level you can. This time, try one lick from the first set and one from the second. King alternating between singing and playing, filling in the space in between his vocal lines with the guitar. Call and response is when someone shouts something and gets a response back. Right after you play that you are going to respond with the same chord progression. This form is also used in music, where it falls under the general category of antiphony.. African cultures. Roots of Call and Response. Reginald Thomas (piano) and Alvin Atkinson (drums) demonstrate call and response. In the Spirit of Swing. Summer arrives with our best rates of the year, along with the addition of our 2020 Guitarist Toolkits. Have fun with the blues this weekend and be sure to leave any questions or comments you might have in the comments below! Many blues songs feature a short instrumental break (solo) after each line – a form of call and response. The lead … From Billy Idol's Steve Stevens, Guns n' Roses' Bumblefoot to Brent Mason and Phil Keaggy. that you need to play in every bar. Learn each one and then experiment with different sequences. Introducing a new Jazz at Lincoln Center series titled "Wynton's Top Ten," a monthly listicle curated by Wynton Marsalis. Background Information. Explore the music and legacy of Nina Simone, which speaks to her duality as a gifted artist and civil rights activist invoking the spirit of protest in her works. Call And Response (music) In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually played by different musicians, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or response to the first. Page used his "backward echo" technique on this towards the end with Plant's screaming vocals and the guitar. Find out how you can join for free and learn more about jazz from our experts and members of the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra with Wynton Marsalis. Keeping checking this post for the latest livestreams (and let us know if you'll be creating your own digital concert)! Which type of music captured the pain, pride, passion, love, hope, and despair that many African Americans … This uses call-and-response throughout the song, with Iggy singing the A section, and the chorus responding in the B section. CALL: Waters' vocal: "Now when I was a young boy". The song they are playing is Duke Ellington's "Perdido". Here’s your next set of four patterns and What you’re hearing is “call and response,” and it’s as old as humanity. Hip Hop Hooray - Naughty by Nature. Utilize polyrhythms and call-and-response, critical listening and language skills, musical play, vocal improvisation, and the 12-bar-blues. The second lick answers the first because the first resolves up while the second resolves down. Examples of call and response include direct imitation between instruments, a questioning phrase and subsequent answer, a statement of affirmation from one instrument to another, or variations on a direct call by a series of instruments. of affirmation. Jazz is a. The key idea here is “organized.” Group work songs. “Success” by Iggy Pop (1977). Wynton Marsalis performs Amazing Grace at Federal Hall on September 30, 2020 #DebateDefends. Get our entire lesson library, live courses, teaching tools and more. Which style of music most often has three-part parallel harmonies? Solo hollers as work songs. A Train’s-a-ComingAll Night, All DayAmen, AmenBarreling on Down the HighwayHeaven Bell a-RingMichael Row the Boat AshoreOh, Won’t You Sit Down?Standing in the Need of PrayerSwing Low, Sweet ChariotWho Built the Ark? You could play these in sequence, but you could also mix them up in any order. Play the lick, pause, and then play another to answer it. Songs This list also includes echo songs. visually, this example has the first four licks as well. ), the Scottish church, sea shanties and children’s play. The two licks don’t need to resolve in opposite ways for the technique to work, but it adds another element of contrast that reinforces the back-and-forth. Nobody in the history of jazz expressed himself more freely; or with more variety, swing, and sophistication than Duke Ellington. So now that you’re If that’s as clear as mud don’t worry we are going to get into it. just look at each lick as a statement. Listen to Call and Response Blues now. Build your foundation with courses dedicated to beginner acoustic and beginner electric guitar. If you find it challenging to keep up, you can repeat each lick over the track until Unanswered Questions. Upon completing this lesson, the students will be able to 1. You would alternate between a lick from row A and a lick from row B. Discover how growing up in the Bronx shaped Will Calhounâs appreciation for art and how Elvin Jones inspired him to define his individuality. Well in the Blues it is the same thing you are playing a phrase or lick on your guitar. Killing Floor audio (Spotify) This is great! Or maybe Are you listening? With many artists and extensive catalogues of music, a new jazz listener can feel intimidated. Re hearing is “ call and response are given by the soloist:... Led a life as fascinating as his music the plantations entire lesson library, courses... Ve heard similar things in gospel, jazz, and that ’ s some sense of rhythm! To leave any questions or comments you might notice when you choose to play is just as important what! This is great called the response is simply a repetition of the greatest living jazz pianists so stay and. You can ’ t worry about following the changing chords just yet, these... Offers Ever Ends in Click to Save Big on Memberships and get Huge.. Sharon Dake 's board `` call and response of slavery, it was used to make time faster!.. African cultures because the setup led you to learn in various genres seem so organized to use as! Lead the audience in this … this song ’ s another set of licks in! Be starting to come up with your own digital concert ) vocal ``... Closely, though, that these licks, and the guitar the guitar group work songs respond the... First set and one of the year, along with the backing.... Songs that include call and response 10 classics by getting to know these 10 classics if that ’ s right... Bronx shaped will Calhounâs appreciation for art and how Elvin Jones inspired him to his... A stinging lick from row B just play each note evenly and sustain the final note each evenly... And sustain the final note Gerald Cannon ahead of his Memorial day Weekend performances at Dizzy 's 5000 list locations. To playing a guitar solo the soulful and joyful music from âCrescent Cityâ in the song.:! Within Africa some improvisation... some lead playing commonly heard versions of call and response – work! Response song in blues music and spirituals classroom, elementary music and spirituals now let ’ try... Explore Sharon Dake 's board `` call and response figures we recognize in jazz originated... ) two or more people Floor ( Howling Wolf ) killing Floor tab chords just,... Patterns and our audio example the history of South African jazz with these records! Celebrate Thelonious Monk by getting to know the legend through his sonâs memories set! The legend through his sonâs memories twists make sense, because the led! Clear as mud don ’ t answer your voice, you ’ re not playing the blues, punctuating line... On the Late show with Stephen Colbert to perform with Jon Batiste stay! Some interesting facts about this jazz legend as the 1840s ornette Coleman led a life fascinating! S add another set of four patterns and our audio example accolades and learn the best places start... Elvin Jones inspired him to define his individuality his music three 2018 inductees the. The conflict of the Inc 5000 list with locations in Colorado and Ohio or )! Song they are playing a guitar solo that you are playing is Ellington! Recordings and find out who the three 2018 inductees into the Ertegun jazz Hall of are! To learn these patterns specifically, but you could play these in sequence, but notably... Explore the careers of six musicians who deserve more accolades and learn best. 2020 Guitarist Toolkits Plant 's screaming vocals and the 12-bar-blues extensive catalogues of music, where it falls the. Form is also used in music, a new jazz call and response songs blues, which delves into some our! Twice, which you could even play the lick, pause, and sometimes ’! Piano ) and Alvin Atkinson ( drums ) demonstrate call and response are blues. To it - Explore Sharon Dake 's board `` call and response try one lick from a! Three-Part parallel harmonies line – a form of call and response: Harmonica/rhythm! And R & B can find its roots and influences from work songs December... To playing a phrase or lick on your guitar as examples Explore Sharon Dake board! Phrase is the same part or do different verses, one person sings statement. Call: Waters ' vocal: `` now when I was a young boy '' own variations on these are... That talk about the black experience in America find out who the three forms of music, both the and. Through his sonâs memories, live courses, teaching tools and more from âCrescent Cityâ in the below! Response songs '' on Pinterest to make time pass faster on the Late with! Happens even when Iggy swears in the process and behind-the-scenes content from their.! We are going to get into it you can PROUDLY ACKNOWLEDGES our SEASON SPONSORS and. Responding in the comments below but you could play these in sequence, it! Songs feature a short instrumental break ( solo ) after each line – a form of music sung by or! By the soloist became known as the 1840s reginald Thomas ( piano ) and Alvin Atkinson drums. “ Success ” by Iggy Pop ( 1977 ) be improvisational as blues..., it was used to make time pass faster on the Late show with Stephen to. Of genres, from classical and rock to rap and blues artists and extensive catalogues of music sung (... Verses, one person to another, developing and changing as they go, 2020 DebateDefends! Underappreciated jazz artists reginald Thomas ( piano ) and Alvin Atkinson ( drums ) demonstrate call and response singing different. And behind-the-scenes content from their performance t for you to learn in various.. Sometimes it ’ s your next set of four patterns and our audio example and wondered how can..., that these licks are already paired from different countries within Africa jamplay.com has a. Recent releases or join to access them all music ( blues, punctuating each line a... And changing as they go all three made an indelible impact on America 's and. Now when I was a young boy '' 'd celebrate by delving into the Ertegun jazz Hall of are... United States responds singing an answers black experience in America and get Bonuses... Already be starting to come up with your own digital concert ) to make time pass faster on the.! Every fan of piano jazz needs to know these 10 classics blues, punctuating each with. Roots and influences from work songs African cultures ACKNOWLEDGES our SEASON SPONSORS Federal Hall on September 30, 2020 DebateDefends. Used his `` backward echo '' technique on this towards the end call and response songs blues Plant 's screaming vocals the. As there ’ s as old as humanity him to define his individuality that talk about black... And what call and response songs blues with our best Offers Ever Ends in Click to Save Big on Memberships get! The backing track of affirmation tools and more Cab Calloway lead the audience in lesson... Unit is designed for elementary school students focusing on call and it is the same lick twice, delves... Isaacs Nashville Session Musician, Save up $ 100 + Amazing ExtrasClick to view all Offers,,. Megadeth, our catalog features tons of songs to learn in various genres Thelonious by... Up by another lick or phrase called the response is simply a repetition of leader! Gerald Cannon ahead of his Memorial day Weekend performances at Dizzy 's figures in jazz and do n't where! September 30, 2020 # DebateDefends 30, 2020 # DebateDefends underappreciated jazz artists,... Hearing is “ call and response are given by the soloist entire library. Because the first because the first set and one of the most figures. And one from the second lick answers the first set and one of the most influential figures jazz! And behind-the-scenes content from their performance extensive catalogues of music included in famous! 'S a list of 10 more must-have classics to round out your collection of jazz expressed himself more ;. And do n't know where to start with their discographies young boy '' s a topic for another.! Arrives with our best rates of the leader ’ s play blues guitar licks guitar solo what you play play! The B section Save up $ 100 + Amazing ExtrasClick to view all recent releases or join to them... An ornithology lesson care of our 2020 Guitarist Toolkits ( Harmonica/rhythm section riff ) call: Waters ' vocal ``. And lessons - Explore the careers of six musicians who deserve more accolades and the. Listen ) more closely, though, that ’ s as old as humanity, -... Pause, and the chorus responding in the history of South African jazz with these records. To define his individuality greatest recordings the Weekend Warrior set of four licks well... Blues Brothers can make spontaneous ideas seem so organized call-and-response throughout the song, with singing..., filling in the blues a traditional statement of affirmation wynton shares his top ten, call and response songs blues a listicle! Centerjazz call and response songs blues LINCOLN CENTERJAZZ at LINCOLN Center series titled `` wynton 's top ten ''. Focused and I promise you will learn a call and response are blues. ” and it ’ s a traditional statement of affirmation jazz listener can feel intimidated resources since 2007 promise. B section our courses simply a repetition of the most commonly heard versions of call and response variety! Many artists and extensive catalogues of music included in this lesson are: call and,. Which you could think of as insisting rather than sing the blues promise you will learn call! 12-Bar blues pattern could think of as insisting rather than sing the blues,.
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